Author Portrait
My name is Daniel Kirkpatrick and I am a PhD student in International Conflict Analysis with the University of Kent. My research focuses on the relationship between criminalising political expression and conflict, focusing primarily on Northern Ireland and South Africa. Specifically, research studying the relationship between crime and conflict is generally based on an assumption of what crime is, without considering the process through which it is categorised and enforced: criminalisation.

Through a two case comparative of Northern Ireland and South Africa my research seeks to challenge this assumption, as it considers the impact of criminalising political expression in particular conflict contexts: nonviolent movements, counterinsurgency, negotiations, and peacebuilding. The research draws on over 60 original interviews and extensive archival material, engaging with a number of policy issues, particularly in relation to counterterrorism, criminal justice, and post-conflict peacebuilding.



Daniel Kirkpatrick. Why negotiate when you can criminalise? Lessons for conflict transformation from Northern Ireland and South Africa. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (forthcoming),


Game of Thrones: will there ever be peace on Westeros? The Conversation, 28 July 2017,

Why criminalising non-violent extremism won’t prevent terrorism. The Conversation, 13 June 2017,

Radicalised Politics? Where the UK political parties stand on de-radicalisation and counter-extremism. Explosive Politics, 22nd May 2017,

Conference Papers:

Conflict Research Society Conference Oxford 2017
Politicising crime to criminalise politics: Reconciling counterinsurgency and criminal justice

The British International Studies Association Conference 2017
Decriminalization and DDR: Trading Peace for Justice, or Just Restoring Peace

Irish Political Studies Association Conference Belfast 2016
Why Negotiate when you can Criminalize? Lessons from Northern Ireland and South Africa

Conflict Research Society Conference Dublin 2016
Criminalizing Civil Unrest: Transforming Perceptions, Transforming Realities

Conflict Research Society Conference Canterbury 2015
Problematizing Criminality: Reframing Criminality through Critical Legal Theory

Kent Graduate Law Conference 2015
Criminalizing Conflict: Re-conceptualizing Criminalization Through Conflict Analysis


At the University of Kent I have taught on undergraduate modules since January 2015 across all years of study in topics including conflict analysis, political violence, terrorism, and peacebuilding. The modules I've covered include 'Introduction to Conflict Analysis' and 'International Conflict and Cooperation'. For more please see my web profile .

Professional Experience:

Journal Manager, International Peacekeeping
January 2015 - Present
Managing the administration for an academic peer review journal, liaising with authors and editors to ensure that submissions are being processed effectively. I am also responsible for the journal's social media output and administration.

Research Assistant, Conflict Research Society
May 2015 - Present
Organised the Conflict Research Society's annual conference 2015 in Canterbury. Manage monthly newsletters (from Jan 2017 onwards).

Parliamentary Caseworker, UK Parliament
September 2012 - September 2014
Provided advice and support to constituents on financial, health, housing and other issues through liaison with Government agencies, the voluntary sector and private agencies. Compiled research and briefing notes for the MP on policy issues. Handled enquires to the MP’s office and organised constituency appointments with constituents. Managed social media output including compiling monthly newsletters.

Website - blog

This website is simply my informal writing outlet where I write down my thoughts and work through particular topics relating to political violence, conflict analysis and contemporary issues in the news.